The downsides of controlled processing

The Rise and Fall of Cognitive Control

Reasoning, problem solving, symbolic language, planning—these faculties are fundamental to virtually all of our individual and societal accomplishments. At the heart of them all lies cognitive control. Psychologists and neuroscientists refer to cognitive control, or “controlled processing,” as the ability to flexibly adapt behavior to rapidly changing circumstances and to make decisions that best serve long-term interests over more immediate rewards. Cognitive control underlies our striking technological achievements over an equally striking range of domains, from agriculture and housing to medicine, transportation, communication and large-scale economies. ….[READ]